Fiqh from the ayah of Wudu


Fiqh from the  ayah of Wudu

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ إِذَا قُمْتُمْ إِلَى الصَّلاةِ فاغْسِلُواْ وُجُوهَكُمْ وَأَيْدِيَكُمْ إِلَى الْمَرَافِقِ وَامْسَحُواْ بِرُؤُوسِكُمْ وَأَرْجُلَكُمْ إِلَى الْكَعْبَينِ

” O you who believe! When you intend to offer As-Salat (the prayer), wash your faces and your hands (forearms) up to the elbows, rub (by passing wet hands over) your heads, and (wash) your feet up to ankles…” (Al-Ma’idah 6)

Issues derived from this verse :

1: Oh you who believe … do the acts that require your faith

2: When you intend to offer As-Salat …This is an order to pray

3: When you intend to offer As-Salat … This is an order to make the intention for Wudu.

4: This verse shows that purification is a condition for the prayer.

5: Purification isn’t obligatory at the time or prayer, its obligatory when a person intends to pray.

6: When you intend to offer As-Salat …Includes all prayers, sunnah, obligatory, funeral, etc.[1]

7: Water is used to washthe body parts in Wudu: Face , both hands, head and feet

8: This verse shows that Istinjah isn’t a part of  Wudu.

9:  Water is used to rinse the mouth and nose .They are both part of the face.

10. This verse shows that washing each limb only once is obligatory[2]

11: When you intend to offer As-Salat … This verse shows that Wudu for every prayer is Sunnah[3]

12: The verse shows that wiping the neck during Wudu is an innovation.

13. The verse shows that Wudu is to be performed in the order. i.e the face is washed before the hands, and the head is wiped before the ankles.


Translated and compiled by,

Abu Aaliyah Abdullah ibn Dwight L Battle

Doha,Qatar 1435©

[1] Tayseerul Kareem Ar-Rahman by Shaykh Abdur Rahman As-Sa’dee

[2] .minhatul Malik Al-Jaleel sharh saheeh Muhammad ibn Ismail by Shaykh Abdul Aziz Ar-Rajhi vol1-358 printed by Darut Tawheed 1434 1st edition.

[3]Ta’leeqaat Bazeeyah ala Sahih Al-Bukhari from Abdul Aziz bin Baz

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