A Forgotten Sunnah – Between the Jumu’ah and Sunnah Prayer.
عُمَرُ بْنُ عَطَاءِ بْنِ أَبِي الْخُوَارِ أَنَّ نَافِعَ بْنَ جُبَيْرٍ أَرْسَلَهُ إِلَى السَّائِبِ ابْنِ أُخْتِ نَمِرٍ يَسْأَلُهُ عَنْ شَيْءٍ رَآهُ مِنْهُ مُعَاوِيَةُ فِي الصَّلَاةِ فَقَالَ نَعَمْ صَلَّيْتُ مَعَهُ الْجُمُعَةَ فِي الْمَقْصُورَةِ فَلَمَّا سَلَّمَ الْإِمَامُ قُمْتُ فِي مَقَامِي فَصَلَّيْتُ فَلَمَّا دَخَلَ أَرْسَلَ إِلَيَّ فَقَالَ لاَ تَعُدْ لِمَا فَعَلْتَ إِذَا صَلَّيْتَ الْجُمُعَةَ فَلاَ تَصِلْهَا بِصَلَاةٍ حَتَّى تَكَلَّمَ أَوْ تَخْرُجَ
فَإِنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ أَمَرَنَا بِذَلِكَ أَنْ لا تُوصَلَ صَلَاةٌ بِصَلَاةٍ حَتَّى نَتَكَلَّمَ أَوْ نَخْرُجَ
‘Umar ibn ‘Ata bin Abi Al-Khuwar narrated that Nafi bin Jubair sent him to As-Sa’ib bin Yazid,the maternal nephew of Namir, asking him regarding something Mu’awiyah had seen him do in the prayer. He said: “ I prayed Jum’uah with Mu’awiyah in his enclosure and when he finished, I stood up in my place and prayed. When he went inside he sent for me and said” Do not repeat what you have just done. If you pray Jum’uah don’t join it with another prayer until you speak or exit the masjid. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) ordered us to separate between prayers. One prayer mustn’t be joined with another until you speak or exit.
Collected by Muslim [ 883]
Benefits for this subject:
- · Ibn Munthir ( [318 H] may Allah have mercy on him) narrated an athar in his Awsot about this hadeeth from the acts of our Salaf. He wrote, “ Ibn Umar saw a man pray two rakah after Jum’uah and he stopped him. Ibn Umar asked the man,” Are you praying four rakah for Jum’uah!” It was Ibn Umar’s practice to pray the two sunnah prayers for Jum’uah in his home. He said, “ This was the way of our Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) [ Al-Awsot vol 4 /136]
- · Shaykh Al-Uthaymeen (may Allah rest him in Firdous ) said “There are numerous lessons derived from this hadeeth.” Some of those lessons are:
1. A person doesn’t join one prayer with another until he speaks between them. No Fard prayer with a Sunnah. On the other hand the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) used to pray the Nawafil prayers at night in two rakah, two rakah with no separating between them.
2. The shar’iah places importance in differentiating between Fard and Nafil. This hadeeth proves it.
3. It’s mentioned in the hadeeth “ Until you speak” Does making Thikr after prayer suffice as speech, or must it be dialogue ,whereas it’s clear a person isn’t praying?
Answer: It’s apparent from this hadeeth that it must be speech which establishes a person isn’t praying. Whether Thikr or any other act. For example after the prayer a person says to the person next to him As-Salaamu Alaykum, How are you doing? And after that he stands up and offers his Nafil [ Sharh Saheeh Muslim ]
- · Al-Muhaadith Muhammad Al-Ameen Al-Hurraree Al-Ethiopee (may Allah preserve him) said,” This hadeeth proves that it’s Sunnah to pray the Nafil prayers in a place other than the place where the Fard prayer is prayed. And the best place for this is in the home.
Otherwise a person can pray it in another spot in the masjid or elsewhere. He does this in order to increase the places he’s made sajdah and separate between Fard and Nafil. The wording “Until you speak” proves that the Fard and Nafil are divided by speech..[ Al-Kawkibal Wahaj wa Rawdal Bahhaj fee Sharhee Saheeh Muslimee ibn Al-Hajjah Vol 10/ 384]
Translator’s comment : Al-Muhaadith Muhammad Al-Ameen Al-Hurraree Al-Ethiopee isn’t the same person as Muhammad Adam Al-Ethiopee. They are two separate scholars in Hadeeth. Many people confuse their names and think that because they share the same first name and are from the same country they are one.
e.g I was at the book fair last night and asked what’s new from Muhammad Adam Al-Ethiopee and the brother showed me Muhammad Al-Ameen’s works.
*** *Additional benefit. There is a technical term in the science of hadeeth for this error. Whenever people’s names are confused and a person thinks that they are the same person, when in fact they aren’t. Does anyone know? ****
……………………………………………………………………May Allah increase us Ameen
Translated and compiled by Abu Aaliyah Abdullah ibn Dwight Battle.
Doha, Qatar 1431 ©