The Sunnah of Reading a Daily Portion of the Quran

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The Sunnah of Reading a Daily Portion of the Quran

عُمَرَ بْنَ الْخَطَّابِ يَقُولُ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ -صلى الله عليه وسلم- « مَنْ نَامَ عَنْ حِزْبِهِ أَوْ عَنْ شَىْءٍ مِنْهُ فَقَرَأَهُ فِيمَا بَيْنَ صَلاَةِ الْفَجْرِ وَصَلاَةِ الظُّهْرِ كُتِبَ لَهُ كَأَنَّمَا قَرَأَهُ مِنَ اللَّيْلِ  .

 

‘Umar b. Khattab reported Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said:

Should anyone fall asleep and fail to recite his portion of the Qur’an, or a part of it, if he recites it between the dawn prayer and the noon prayer, it will be recorded for him as though he had recited it during the night.[1]

 

Benefits for this subject:

 

  • The Imams of Sunnah used this hadith to answer what a person should do if he slept through his routine portion of the Quran.

 

  • The Routine portion of the Quran is whatever a person places on himself. A person regularly reads this portion of the Quran in order to finish it on a monthly basis, or on every 20, 15, 10, or 7days.[2]

 

 

  • This hadith encourages Muslims to hasten to perform Sunnan acts and if a Sunnah is missed a person can make it up.[3]

quran

 

  • The Salaf were diligent in regularly practicing the reading of their portion of the Quran if they missed it. Abdur Rahman ibn Abdul Qaari said : “ I visited Umar(radi Allahu anhu) and he kept me waiting for a long time. Then he finally let me in and said, “I was making up my portion of the Quran.[4]

 

 

  • If a person oversleeps he can read his daily portion of the Quran in the Duha prayer. Aisha (radi Allahu anha) said: If the Prophet (ﷺ) overslept his reading for the daily portion of the Quran or had severe pain which prevented him from praying at night. He would pray 12 rakah the next day.[5]

 

  • Shaykh Abdul Muhsin Al-Abbadd (may Allah preserve him) said: “Whenever the Prophet was sick or was unable to read his hizb of the Quran at night, then he would offer 12 Rakat the next day making up what he missed the previous night. It was he norm to pray 11 rakat at

night, but if he missed it he would add 1 more Rakah, so that prayer wouldn’t be the Witr for the day. He (ﷺ) would pray these 12 rakah after Fajr and before the time of Thur.[6]

 

  • Al-Iraqi said: “ The reading the daily portion of the Quran isn’t only restricted to reciting it in the prayer, but also reading it from the Mushaf.[7]

 

  1. Khaythamah said I went to visit Abdullah ibn Amr(Radi Allahu anhu) while he was reading the Quran. When Ibn Amr (radi Allahu anhu) finished he said: “This is my hizbi(portion) of the Quran I read at night. [8]

 

  1. Aisha [ radi Allahu anha] said: “ I read my daily portion of the Quran while sitting on my bed.” [9]

 

  • If a person misses his daily portion of the Quran at night, and then misses it the next day he can combine both portions the next night or the next day. Ibrahim An-Nakha-ee said: “Whenever the salaf had an unread portion of the Quran from the previous night and during the day he was unable to read it, he would read both portion the next night or next day.[10]

 

 

 

We learn from these narrations of the Salaf, that reading a daily portion of the Quran isn’t only a sunnah for Ramadan, but rather it’s a daily Sunnah year round. The Salaf used to finish the Quran all throughout the year in different time frames. Some completed it within 7 days and others every month. What’s important to note also is reading the daily portion of the Quran isn’t restricted to Juz unless a person is reading that daily hizb to complete Allah’s book monthly. And Allah the Most high knows best.

 

 

 

 

Prepared by the one in need of Allah’s Mercy

Abu Aaliyah Abdullah ibn Dwight Battle

Ramadan 16th, 1436©

Al-Khayratiyat , Qatar

 

 

 

[1]  Sahih Muslim [ 747]

[2] Niyhiyah fee Ghareeb Al-Athar 1/376

[3] Fathul Wadude fi Sharhi Sunnan Abi Dawud vol2/ 66

[4] Fa-Da-il Al-Quran,Al-Hafith Al-Mustaghfiri, #519

[5]  Fa-da-il # 518

[6] Explanation of Sunnan Abi Dawud

[7]  Tuhfatul Awathi  hadith # 520

[8] Fa-da-il #520

[9] Fa-da-il  #524

[10] Fa-da-il #526

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