What a Way to Start the Day!

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What a Way to Start the Day!

أَبِى ذَرٍّ عَنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ -صلى الله عليه وسلم- عَنِ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ أَنَّهُ قَالَ ابْنَ آدَمَ ارْكَعْ لِى مِنْ أَوَّلِ النَّهَارِ أَرْبَعَ رَكَعَاتٍ أَكْفِكَ آخِرَهُ

Abu Dharr (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated:

Allah’s Messenger (peace and blessings be upon him) narrated that Allah the Most High said: “Son of Adam perform four Rak’at for Me in the beginning of the day; they will suffice you for the latter part of the day.”[1]

AA37

Benefits for this Hadeeth:

  • The scholars differ about the interpretation of these four Rak’ah. Some say it refers to the Duha prayer while others say it implies the Fajr and its Sunnah done before it.

 

  • Ibn Taymiyyah and Ibn Qayyim held that the four rak’ah mentioned here were referring to the Fajr and its Sunnah.[2]

 

  • Shaykh Muhammad ibn Salih Al-Uhaymeen said: The hadith can imply four Rak’at for Duha or the Fajr prayer and its Sunnah as these are four Rak’at at the start of the day. There is a hadith that mentions whoever prays Fajr in congregation will be under Allah’s care throughout the day. There isn’t any clear-cut evidence that these four rak’at mentioned ONLY refer to the Duha prayer.

 

  • (A Principle in using an evidence to establish a position)Whenever two possibilities are present then it’s not correct to only apply the evidence for one side of the argument. This principle is correct since there are two way s the text can be interpreted ;therefore,both sides could use this text for their view and it shouldn’t only be used to support one legal opinion. [3]

 

  • That’s one side of the argument that says the hadith is indistinguishable and shouldn’t be interpreted to only apply to the 4 of Duha but could be used for another 4 Rak’at. The difference of opinion in this issue is related to the actual start of the day. Does it start at sunrise or at Fajr? The majority of scholars and linguists hold that it begins at Fajr.

 

  • Imam Ash-Shawkani said: Based on the assumption that the day starts at Fajr there is nothing wrong in  applying this hadith to mean the  four Rak’at after sunrise which is the beginning  of the day as mentioned in the hadith, and what  people act by.[4]

 

  • Al-Mubarakfuri (may Allah rest him Jannah) said: “Rak’at for Me in the beginning of the day… Means: Salatul Duha, Salatul Ishraq, and Sunnatus Subh. These are the names for this prayer.

 

  • At-Taybee said, “These four Rak’at are enough for your affairs and needs throughout the day [to be made easy]. These four Rak’at repel from you whatever you dislike right through the day.[5]

 

 

  • Ibn Al-Arabee (may Allah have mercy on him) said, “Salatul Duha is the prayer of the Prophets before Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him). Allah says, Our Praises with him [ Dawud] in the Ashi [ after the midday until sunset] and Ishraq[ sunrise till mid-day] “[SAD 18][6]

 

Translated and prepared by Abu Aaliyah Abdullah ibn Dwight Battle

Doha, Qatar ©1429H

Revisited and restudied with modifications

May Allah increase us in knowledge and practice. (Ramadan 4th, 1437H)

twitter.com @lamontbattle

 

 

[1] Collected by At-Tirmithi (475) Abu Dawud (1291) and Ahmed 2/235 and others .At-Tirmithi graded this hadeeth as being Hasan.

 

[2] Zadul Ma’ad

[3] At-Ta’leeq ala Al-Muntaqa vol 2/12

[4] Nayl Al-Awtar.

[5]   Tuhfatul Ahwathee

[6] [ Explanation for Jam’i At-Tirmithi]

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