70 from the Quran and the Sunnah- A Math Study

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70 from the Quran and the Sunnah

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

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The origin of this research stems from a blessed Muslim brother asking me a question about 70 mentioned in the Quran and Sunnah; following a Tweet I shared a while back. He wanted to know what exactly did it refer to, and does it always mean numerous. He kept asking me and asking me , so I also titled this paper

“الجواب المبين لمن سألني سبعين مرة عن المعنى السبعين”

The Clear answer for the one who asked me 70 times about the meaning of 70.

In an attempt to answer him I collected 40 ahadith and one verse from the Quran with explanations based on the understanding of the Salaf.

 

In other areas for our benefit and our children I added math questions hoping my brothers and sisters will enjoy learning from the Sunnah of our Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم).

This paper is nowhere near perfection, and that belongs soley to Allah the Most High.

 

Your Brother in need of Allah’s Mercy

Abu Aaliyah Abdullah  Battle

PhD student in (Sunnah)

Academic/Khateeb in Qatar

 

Allah( تعالى ) said: Whether you (O Muhammad ) ask forgiveness for them (hypocrites) or ask not forgiveness for them … (and even) if you ask seventy times for their forgiveness … Allah will not forgive them, because they have disbelieved in Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad ).[ At-Taubah: 80]

Imam Al-Baghawee[516H] said : “ seventy times in this verse refers to an enormous amount of times.”[1]

 

Chapter 1 : 73 sects

قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ ‏”‏ افْتَرَقَتِ الْيَهُودُ عَلَى إِحْدَى وَسَبْعِينَ فِرْقَةً فَوَاحِدَةٌ فِي الْجَنَّةِ وَسَبْعُونَ فِي النَّارِ وَافْتَرَقَتِ النَّصَارَى عَلَى ثِنْتَيْنِ وَسَبْعِينَ فِرْقَةً فَإِحْدَى وَسَبْعُونَ فِي النَّارِ وَوَاحِدَةٌ فِي الْجَنَّةِ وَالَّذِي نَفْسُ مُحَمَّدٍ بِيَدِهِ لَتَفْتَرِقَنَّ أُمَّتِي عَلَى ثَلاَثٍ وَسَبْعِينَ فِرْقَةً فَوَاحِدَةٌ فِي الْجَنَّةِ وَثِنْتَانِ وَسَبْعُونَ فِي النَّارِ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ قِيلَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ مَنْ هُمْ قَالَ ‏”‏ الْجَمَاعَةُ ‏”

That the Messenger of Allah(ﷺ) said:

“The Jews split into seventy-one sects, one of which will be in Paradise and seventy in Hell. The Christians split into seventy-two sects, seventy-one of which will be in Hell and one in Paradise. I swear by the One Whose Hand is the soul of Muhammad, my nation will split into seventy-three sects, one of which will be in Paradise and seventy-two in Hell.” It was said: “O Messenger of Allah, who are they?” He said: “The main body.”[2]

The number 73 in this hadith refers to numerous amount and isn’t restricted to 73 sects. Some scholars have said that 71 was mentioned for the Jews, 72 for the Christians and 73 for the Muslims to show that we will split up the most compared to the previous nations. [3]

 

Chapter 2: Seeking forgiveness 70 times a day

وعن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه قال‏:‏ سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول‏:‏ ‏ “‏والله إني لأستغفر الله وأتوب إليه في اليوم أكثر من سبعين مرة ‏”‏ .

Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:

I heard Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) saying: “By Allah, I seek Allah’s forgiveness and repent to Him more than seventy times a day.”[4]

AL-Munawee said: 70 times a day here refers to a numerous amount of times and not the number 70.[5]

Question: If He(ﷺ) sought Allah’s Forgiveness 70 times a day how many times would that total in a period of 10 days ?

Chapter 3: 70 branches of Iman

النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال‏:‏ ‏ “‏ الإيمان بضع وسبعون، أو بضع وستون شعبة‏:‏ فأفضلها قول لا إله إلا الله، وأدناها إماطة الأذى عن الطريق، والحياء شعبة من الإيمان‏”‏

The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “Iman has over seventy branches – or over sixty branches – the uppermost of which is the declaration: ‘None has the right to be worshipped but Allah’; and the least of which is the removal of harmful object from the road, and modesty is a branch of Iman.”[6]

  • This hadith refers to 70-79 branches of faith which include actions. Imam Al-Bayhaqi compiled a book called the branches of faith. He collected 77 chapters and included in each chapter are the actions of Iman.

Chapter 4: avoiding sins and repenting 70 times a day

أنْ أَبِي بَكْرٍ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ “‏ مَا أَصَرَّ مَنِ اسْتَغْفَرَ وَلَوْ فَعَلَهُ فِي الْيَوْمِ سَبْعِينَ مَرَّةً ‏”‏ ‏

Abu Bakr (May Allah be pleased with him)narrated:

That the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: “He who seeks  forgiveness continuously  cant’ be considered a   persistent sinner, even if he sins seventy times in a day.”[7]

  • Ibn Hajr said : “This refers to a large excessive amount of times.and not 70 times exactly.[8]

Chapter 5 : 70 Martyrs in Jihad

عَنْ قَتَادَةَ، قَالَ مَا نَعْلَمُ حَيًّا مِنْ أَحْيَاءِ الْعَرَبِ أَكْثَرَ شَهِيدًا أَعَزَّ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ مِنَ الأَنْصَارِ‏.‏ قَالَ قَتَادَةُ وَحَدَّثَنَا أَنَسُ بْنُ مَالِكٍ أَنَّهُ قُتِلَ مِنْهُمْ يَوْمَ أُحُدٍ سَبْعُونَ، وَيَوْمَ بِئْرِ مَعُونَةَ سَبْعُونَ، وَيَوْمَ الْيَمَامَةِ سَبْعُونَ، قَالَ وَكَانَ بِئْرُ مَعُونَةَ عَلَى عَهْدِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم، وَيَوْمُ الْيَمَامَةِ عَلَى عَهْدِ أَبِي بَكْرٍ يَوْمَ مُسَيْلِمَةَ الْكَذَّابِ‏.‏

Qatada(May Allah be pleased with him)said:

We do not know of any tribe amongst the ‘Arab tribes who lost more martyrs than Al-Ansar, and they will have superiority on the Day of Resurrection. Anas bin Malik told us that seventy from the Ansar were martyred on the day of Uhud, and seventy on the day (of the battle of) Bir Ma’una, and seventy on the day of Al-Yamama. Anas added, “The battle of Bir Ma’una took place during the lifetime of Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) and the battle of Al-Yamama, during the caliphate of Abu Bakr, and it was the day when Musailamah Al-Kadhdhab was killed.”[9]

  • Ibn Ishaq said : “65  from  the Muhajireen and  4 from the Ansar were Martyred  in the Battle of Uhud.[10]

 

  • Question: There were 2 battles and in each battle 70 were martyred. How many martyrs is that in total?

Chapter 6: 70,000 Angels asking for forgiveness

 

عن علي رضي الله عنه قال‏:‏ سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول‏:‏ ‏”‏ما من مسلم يعود مسلماً غدوة إلا صلى عليه سبعون ألف ملك حتي يمسي، وإن عاده عشية إلا صلى عليه سبعون ألف ملك حتي يصبح، وكان له خريف في الجنة”

Ali bin Abu Talib (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:

I heard the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) saying, “When a Muslim visits a sick Muslim at dawn, seventy thousand angels keep on praying for him till dusk. If he visits him in the evening, seventy thousand angels keep on praying for him till the morning; and he will have (his share of) reaped fruits in Jannah.”[11]

  • Question: If you visit a person at Thur and one at Maghrib how many Angels that day ask Allah’s Forgiveness on your behalf?

Chapter 7: Seventy thousand bridles

 قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ “‏ يُؤْتَى بِجَهَنَّمَ يَوْمَئِذٍ لَهَا سَبْعُونَ أَلْفَ زِمَامٍ مَعَ كُلِّ زِمَامٍ سَبْعُونَ أَلْفَ مَلَكٍ يَجُرُّونَهَا ‏”‏ ‏.‏

 The Prophet (ﷺ) said Hell would be brought on that day (the Day of Judgment) with seventy thousand bridles, and seventy thousand angels dragging each bridle.[12]

Question: There are 70,000 bridles connected to Hell and each bridle of Hell will have 70,000 Angels pulling it, so how many Angels will Allah use ?

Chapter 8 : Seven dates

أنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، أَنَّهُمْ أَصَابَهُمْ جُوعٌ وَهُمْ سَبْعَةٌ قَالَ فَأَعْطَانِي النَّبِيُّ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ سَبْعَ تَمَرَاتٍ لِكُلِّ إِنْسَانٍ تَمْرَةٌ ‏.‏

Abu Hurairah(May Allah be pleased with him)said  that they suffered from hunger and they were seven. He said:“Then the Prophet (ﷺ) gave me seven dates, one date for each man.”[13]

Question: There were 7 hungry Sahabah and the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) gave each one only 1 date, and if he wanted to give each one of them 7 dates how many date would he have needed?

 

Chapter 9: 70,000 Jews

أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال‏:‏ ‏ “‏يتبع الدجال من يهود أصبهان سبعون ألفا عليهم الطيالسة‏”‏ ‏

Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) said:

The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “Dajjal (the Antichrist) will be followed by seventy thousand Jews of Isfahan and will be dressed in robes of green colored satin.”[14]

  • Shaykh Abdur Rahman Al-Mubarkfuri said: “This hadith doesn’t indicate that the Dajjal will come from Isfahan.[15]

Chapter 10: 70 injured and 70 Martyred

قَالَ سَمِعْتُ الْبَرَاءَ بْنَ عَازِبٍ ـ رضى الله عنهما ـ قَالَ جَعَلَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم عَلَى الرُّمَاةِ يَوْمَ أُحُدٍ عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ جُبَيْرٍ، فَأَصَابُوا مِنَّا سَبْعِينَ، وَكَانَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَأَصْحَابُهُ أَصَابُوا مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ يَوْمَ بَدْرٍ أَرْبَعِينَ وَمِائَةً سَبْعِينَ أَسِيرًا وَسَبْعِينَ قَتِيلاً‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو سُفْيَانَ يَوْمٌ بِيَوْمِ بَدْرٍ، وَالْحَرْبُ سِجَالٌ‏.‏

Al-Bara’ bin `Azib(May Allah be pleased with him)said :

On the day of Uhud the Prophet (ﷺ) appointed `Abdullah bin Jubair as chief of the archers, and seventy among us were injured and martyred. On the day (of the battle) of Badr, the Prophet (ﷺ) and his companions had inflicted 140 casualties on the pagans, 70 were taken prisoners, and 70 were killed. Abu Sufyan said, “This is a day of (revenge) for the day of Badr and the issue of war is undecided.”[16]

 

Chapter 11: 70 Years

قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏:‏ ‏ “‏ما من عبد يصوم يومًا في سبيل الله إلا باعد الله بذلك اليوم وجهه عن النار سبعين خريفًا‏”‏

 

The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “Every slave of Allah who observes Saum (fasting) for a day in the Cause of Allah, Allah will keep his face from Hell-fire at a distance of seventy Autumns.”[17]

  • Ibn Hajr said: “The word (Khareef ) Autumn is used in the hadith but it implies years. Autumn  was chosen as it is the best season in the  year. During this season, fruits are harvested and there are mild temperatures along with dry and humidity.
  • 70 in this hadith refers to a vast amount .[18]

Chapter 12: 70 Years for sinning

أنْ رَجُلٍ، مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ “‏ مَنْ قَتَلَ رَجُلاً مِنْ أَهْلِ الذِّمَّةِ لَمْ يَجِدْ رِيحَ الْجَنَّةِ وَإِنَّ رِيحَهَا لَيُوجَدُ مِنْ مَسِيرَةِ سَبْعِينَ عَامًا ‏”‏ ‏.‏

It was narrated from Al-Qasim bin Al-Mukhaimirah, from a man among the Companions of the Prophet that the Prophet said:

“Whoever kills a man from among Ahl Adh-Dhimmah.[2] he will not smell the fragrance of Paradise, and its fragrance may be detected from a distance of seventy years.”[19]

  • Al-Munawee said: “70 refers to the great distance from Jannah’s fragrance and doesn’t refer to 70 years exactly.”[20]

Chapter 13: 70 Surah

قالَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مَسْعُودٍ عَلَى قِرَاءَةِ مَنْ تَأْمُرُونِّي أَقْرَأُ لَقَدْ قَرَأْتُ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم بِضْعًا وَسَبْعِينَ سُورَةً وَإِنَّ زَيْدًا لَصَاحِبُ ذُؤَابَتَيْنِ يَلْعَبُ مَعَ الصِّبْيَانِ ‏.‏

‘Abdullah bin Mas’ud(May Allah be pleased with him) said:

“According to whose recitation do you want me to recite? Because I recited seventy-odd Surahs to the Messenger of Allah [SAW] when Zaid had two braids, and was playing with the other boys.”[21]

  • Qadi Iyyad said: “The seventy odd surahs refer to recitation of some chapters of the Quran.”[22]

 

Chapter 14: 70,000 of this Ummah

أَبَا أُمَامَةَ، يَقُولُ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ‏ “‏ وَعَدَنِي رَبِّي أَنْ يُدْخِلَ الْجَنَّةَ مِنْ أُمَّتِي سَبْعِينَ أَلْفًا لاَ حِسَابَ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلاَ عَذَابَ مَعَ كُلِّ أَلْفٍ سَبْعُونَ أَلْفًا وَثَلاَثُ حَثَيَاتٍ مِنْ حَثَيَاتِهِ

Abu Umamah(May Allah be pleased with him) narrated the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم)said:

“My Lord promised me that seventy thousand of my Ummah shall be admitted into Paradise without a reckoning against them, Nor any punishment. With every thousand, are seventy thousand and three measures from the measures of my Lord.”[23]

Question: If there  are 70,000 people going to enter Jannah without any reckoning and from every 1,000 of them another 70,000, how many does that total?

May Allah make us among those 70,000.-Ameen

Chapter 15: 70,000 people in one Group

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ “‏ يَدْخُلُ الْجَنَّةَ مِنْ أُمَّتِي سَبْعُونَ أَلْفًا زُمْرَةٌ وَاحِدَةٌ مِنْهُمْ عَلَى صُورَةِ الْقَمَرِ

Abu Huraira (May Allah be pleased with him)reported:

The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: Seventy thousand (persons) would enter Paradise as one group and among them (there would be people) whom faces would be bright like the moon.[24]

Question: There are 70,000 groups to enter Jannah and from these groups 1 of them will enter Jannah with faces bright as the Moon, therefore how group remain to enter Jannah in this hadith?

 

 

Chapter16: 70 Quran Reciters

عَنْ عَاصِمٍ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَنَسًا، يَقُولُ مَا رَأَيْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَجَدَ عَلَى سَرِيَّةٍ مَا وَجَدَ عَلَى السَّبْعِينَ الَّذِينَ أُصِيبُوا يَوْمَ بِئْرِ مَعُونَةَ كَانُوا يُدْعَوْنَ الْقُرَّاءَ فَمَكَثَ شَهْرًا يَدْعُو عَلَى قَتَلَتِهِمْ ‏.‏

‘Asim reported – I heard Anas(May Allah be pleased with him) saying:

Never did I ace the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) so much grieved (at the loss of a) small army as I saw him grieved at those seventy men who were called” reciters” (and were killed) at Bi’r Ma’una; and he invoked curse for full one month upon their murderers.[25]

 

Chapter 17: Seven years old

عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم تَزَوَّجَهَا وَهْىَ بِنْتُ سَبْعِ سِنِينَ وَزُفَّتْ إِلَيْهِ وَهِيَ بِنْتُ تِسْعِ سِنِينَ وَلُعَبُهَا مَعَهَا وَمَاتَ عَنْهَا وَهِيَ بِنْتُ ثَمَانَ عَشْرَةَ ‏.

‘A’isha (Allah be pleased with her) reported that Allah’s Apostle (ﷺ) married her when she was seven years old, and he was taken to his house as a bride when she was nine, and her dolls were with her; and when he (the Holy Prophet) died she was eighteen years old.[26]

Question: The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) married Aisha (Radi Allahu anha) when she was 7 and He (صلى الله عليه وسلم) died when she was 18, so how many years were they married in this life?

 

Chapter 18: 70th part of Prophecy

أنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ “‏ الرُّؤْيَا الصَّالِحَةُ جُزْءٌ مِنْ سَبْعِينَ جُزْءًا مِنَ النُّبُوَّةِ ‏”‏ ‏.‏

Ibn `Umar(May Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) as saying:

The pious dreams are the seventieth part of Prophecy.[27]

Ibn Battal said: “This refers to every righteous dream that every Muslim sees in his dream at any time.[28]

 

Chapter 19: Seven oft-repeated verses

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ ـ رضى الله عنه ـ قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ “‏ أُمُّ الْقُرْآنِ هِيَ السَّبْعُ الْمَثَانِي وَالْقُرْآنُ الْعَظِيمُ ‏”‏‏.‏

Abu Huraira(May Allah be pleased with him)said:

Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “The Um (substance) of the Qur’an is the seven oft-repeated verses (Al- Mathaini) and is the Great Qur’an (i.e. Surat-al-Fatiha[29]

Question: Al-Fatihah is read in every prayer, and since a person prays 5 times a day how many times does he read Al-Fatiha?

Chapter 20: 7 Ajwa dates

قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ “‏ مَنْ تَصَبَّحَ كُلَّ يَوْمٍ سَبْعَ تَمَرَاتٍ عَجْوَةً لَمْ يَضُرُّهُ فِي ذَلِكَ الْيَوْمِ سُمٌّ وَلاَ سِحْرٌ ‏”‏‏.‏

Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “He who eats seven ‘Ajwa dates every morning, will not be affected by poison or magic on the day he eats them.”[30]

Question: Eating 7 Ajwa dates a day protects from poison or magic ,so how many dates does a person need to buy for a week’s protection ?

 

Chapter 21: Seventy good deeds

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنَّهُ قَالَ ‏ “‏ فِي أَوَّلِ ضَرْبَةٍ سَبْعِينَ حَسَنَةً ‏”‏ ‏

AbuHurayrah(May Allah be pleased with him)said :

The Prophet (ﷺ) said: For the first blow seventy good deeds will be recorded.[31]

Shaykh Abdul Muhsin Al-Abbadd said: This means anything more than that is less in reward. [32]

 

Chapter 22: Seventy Nations

كِيمٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ جَدِّهِ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ يَقُولُ ‏ “‏ إِنَّكُمْ وَفَّيْتُمْ سَبْعِينَ أُمَّةً أَنْتُمْ خَيْرُهَا وَأَكْرَمُهَا عَلَى اللَّهِ ‏”‏ ‏

It was narrated from Bahz bin Hakim, from his father, that his grandfather(May Allah be pleased with him) said:

“I heard the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) say: ‘You complete seventy nations, of which you are the best and dearest to Allah.’”[33]

  • Al-Athir in Nihiyah- “ This nations completed 70 generations.”

Chapter 23: 73 types

عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ قَالَ ‏ “‏ الرِّبَا ثَلاَثَةٌ وَسَبْعُونَ بَابًا ‏

It was narrated from ‘Abdullah(May Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (ﷺ) said:

“There are seventy-three degrees of usury.”[34]

This hadith shows that there are many kinds of interest.[35]

Chapter 24: 70 Years gone by

عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ مَسْعُودٍ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏”‏ تَدُورُ رَحَى الإِسْلاَمِ لِخَمْسٍ وَثَلاَثِينَ أَوْ سِتٍّ وَثَلاَثِينَ أَوْ سَبْعٍ وَثَلاَثِينَ فَإِنْ يَهْلِكُوا فَسَبِيلُ مَنْ هَلَكَ وَإِنْ يَقُمْ لَهُمْ دِينُهُمْ يَقُمْ لَهُمْ سَبْعِينَ عَامًا ‏”

Narrated Abdullah ibn Mas’ud(May Allah be pleased with him):

The Prophet (ﷺ) said: The mill of Islam will go round till the year thirty-five, or thirty-six, or thirty-seven; then if they perish, they will have followed the path of those who perished before them, but if their religion is maintained, it will be maintained for seventy years. I asked: Does it mean seventy years which remain or seventy years which are gone by? He replied: It means (seventy years) that are gone by.[36]

As-Sindi said: 70 in this hadith refers to years after 35 years[37]

 

 Chapter 25: 70 Years of Good or Evil

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏”‏ إِنَّ الرَّجُلَ لَيَعْمَلُ بِعَمَلِ أَهْلِ الْخَيْرِ سَبْعِينَ سَنَةً فَإِذَا أَوْصَى حَافَ فِي وَصِيَّتِهِ فَيُخْتَمُ لَهُ بِشَرِّ عَمَلِهِ فَيَدْخُلُ النَّارَ وَإِنَّ الرَّجُلَ لَيَعْمَلُ بِعَمَلِ أَهْلِ الشَّرِّ سَبْعِينَ سَنَةً فَيَعْدِلُ فِي وَصِيَّتِهِ فَيُخْتَمُ لَهُ بِخَيْرِ عَمَلِهِ فَيَدْخُلُ الْجَنَّةَ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو هُرَيْرَةَ وَاقْرَءُوا إِنْ شِئْتُمْ ‏{تِلْكَ حُدُودُ اللَّهِ}‏ إِلَى قَوْلِهِ {عَذَابٌ مُهِينٌ}‏

It was narrated from Abu Hurairah(May Allah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said:

“A man may do the deeds of the people of goodness for seventy years, then when he makes his will, he is unjust in his will, so he ends (his life) with evil deeds and enters Hell. And a man may do the people of evil for seventy years, then he is just in his will, so he ends (his life) with good deeds and enters Paradise.”Abu Hurairah said: “Recite, if you wish: “These are the limits (set by) Allah (STW) up to His saying: ‘a disgraceful torment’”[38]

Chapter 26: Intercession for 70 family members and 72 wives

عَنِ الْمِقْدَامِ بْنِ مَعْدِيكَرِبَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ “‏ لِلشَّهِيدِ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ سِتُّ خِصَالٍ يُغْفَرُ لَهُ فِي أَوَّلِ دَفْعَةٍ وَيَرَى مَقْعَدَهُ مِنَ الْجَنَّةِ وَيُجَارُ مِنْ عَذَابِ الْقَبْرِ وَيَأْمَنُ مِنَ الْفَزَعِ الأَكْبَرِ وَيُوضَعُ عَلَى رَأْسِهِ تَاجُ الْوَقَارِ الْيَاقُوتَةُ مِنْهَا خَيْرٌ مِنَ الدُّنْيَا وَمَا فِيهَا وَيُزَوَّجُ اثْنَتَيْنِ وَسَبْعِينَ زَوْجَةً مِنَ الْحُورِ الْعِينِ وَيُشَفَّعُ فِي سَبْعِينَ مِنْ أَقَارِبِهِ

Narrated Al-Miqdam bin Ma’diykarib(May Allah be pleased with him):

That the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: “There are six things with Allah for the martyr. He is forgiven with the first flow of blood (he suffers), he is shown his place in Paradise, he is protected from punishment in the grave, secured from the greatest terror, the crown of dignity is placed upon his head – and its gems are better than the world and what is in it – he is married to seventy two wives along Al-Huril-‘Ayn of Paradise, and he may intercede for seventy of his close relatives.”[39]

 Chapter 27:70,000 or 700,000 to enter Jannah

أنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ “‏ لَيَدْخُلَنَّ الْجَنَّةَ مِنْ أُمَّتِي سَبْعُونَ أَلْفًا أَوْ سَبْعُمِائَةِ أَلْفٍ – لاَ يَدْرِي أَبُو حَازِمٍ أَيَّهُمَا قَالَ – مُتَمَاسِكُونَ آخِذٌ بَعْضُهُمْ بَعْضًا لاَ يَدْخُلُ أَوَّلُهُمْ حَتَّى يَدْخُلَ آخِرُهُمْ وُجُوهُهُمْ عَلَى صُورَةِ الْقَمَرِ لَيْلَةَ الْبَدْرِ ‏”

 Ibn Sa’d (May Allah be pleased with him)that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said:

Seventy thousand persons or seven hundred thousand persons (Abu Hazim does not remember the exact number) would enter Paradise holding and supporting one another, and the first among them would not enter till the last among them would enter (therein) ; (they would enter simultaneously) and their faces would be bright like the full moon.[40]

Chapter 28: Angel Jibril’s Voice for 7 years

عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، قَالَ أَقَامَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم بِمَكَّةَ خَمْسَ عَشْرَةَ سَنَةً يَسْمَعُ الصَّوْتَ وَيَرَى الضَّوْءَ سَبْعَ سِنِينَ وَلاَ يَرَى شَيْئًا وَثَمَانَ سِنِينَ يُوحَى إِلَيْهِ وَأَقَامَ بِالْمَدِينَةِ عَشْرًا ‏.‏

Ibn ‘Abbas(May Allah be pleased with him) reported that Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) stayed in Mecca for fifteen years (after his advent as a Prophet) and he heard the voice of Jibriel and saw his radiance for seven years but did not see any visible form, and then received revelation for ten years, and he stayed in Medina for ten years.[41]

Question: If the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) received Revelation for 15 years in Mecca and 10 years in Madinah how many years was His Prophet hood?

Benefit – The narration of the Prophet remaining in Mecca 13 years is stronger than this one and for that reason Ibn Hajr said this narration has some deficiencies in it. What’s known is Muhammad was a Prophet for 23 years.[42]

Chapter 29: 70 People performed Wudu

عَنْ أَنَسٍ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم دَعَا بِإِنَاءٍ مِنْ مَاءٍ، فَأُتِيَ بِقَدَحٍ رَحْرَاحٍ فِيهِ شَىْءٌ مِنْ مَاءٍ، فَوَضَعَ أَصَابِعَهُ فِيهِ‏.‏ قَالَ أَنَسٌ فَجَعَلْتُ أَنْظُرُ إِلَى الْمَاءِ يَنْبُعُ مِنْ بَيْنِ أَصَابِعِهِ، قَالَ أَنَسٌ فَحَزَرْتُ مَنْ تَوَضَّأَ مَا بَيْنَ السَّبْعِينَ إِلَى الثَّمَانِينَ‏.

 

Anas (May Allah be pleased with him)said, “The Prophet (ﷺ) asked for water and a tumbler with a broad base and no so deep, containing a small quantity of water, was brought to him whereby he put his fingers in it.” Anas further said, ‘ noticed the water springing out from amongst his fingers.” Anas added, ‘ estimated that the people who performed ablution with it numbered between seventy to eighty.”[43]

 

Chapter 30: Seven gates in Madinah

أنْ أَبِي بَكْرَةَ ـ رضى الله عنه ـ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ “‏ لاَ يَدْخُلُ الْمَدِينَةَ رُعْبُ الْمَسِيحِ الدَّجَّالِ، لَهَا يَوْمَئِذٍ سَبْعَةُ أَبْوَابٍ، عَلَى كُلِّ باب مَلَكَانِ ‏”

 Abu Bakra(May Allah be pleased with him)said :

The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “The terror caused by Al-Masih Ad-Dajjal will not enter Medina and at that time Medina will have seven gates and there will be two angels at each gate guarding them.”[44]

Question: If there will be 7 gates in Madinah and 2 Angels protecting each gate,then how many Angels are they?

Chapter 31: 70,000 Entering Jannah without questioning.

عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ “‏ يَدْخُلُ الْجَنَّةَ مِنْ أُمَّتِي سَبْعُونَ أَلْفًا بِغَيْرِ حِسَابٍ، هُمُ الَّذِينَ لاَ يَسْتَرْقُونَ، وَلاَ يَتَطَيَّرُونَ، وَعَلَى رَبِّهِمْ يَتَوَكَّلُونَ ‏”‏‏.

 Ibn `Abbas(May Allah be pleased with him):

Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “Seventy thousand people of my followers will enter Paradise without accounts, and they are those who do not practice Ar-Ruqya and do not see an evil omen in things, and put their trust in their Lord.[45]

“Those who do not practice Ar-Ruqya…” Al-Dawadee said this refers to those who avoid Ruqya when they aren’t sick, and it’s permissible to practice it when ill.[46]

 

 

Chapter 32: Seventy nations

عَنْ بَهْزِ بْنِ حَكِيمٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ جَدِّهِ، أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ فِي قَوْلِهِ ‏:‏ ‏(‏ كُنْتُمْ خَيْرَ أُمَّةٍ أُخْرِجَتْ لِلنَّاسِ ‏)‏ قَالَ ‏”‏ إِنَّكُمْ تُتِمُّونَ سَبْعِينَ أُمَّةً أَنْتُمْ خَيْرُهَا وَأَكْرَمُهَا عَلَى اللَّهِ ‏”‏

 

Bahz bin Hakim(May Allah be pleased with him):

From his father, from his grandfather(May Allah be pleased with him) that he heard the Prophet (ﷺ) saying about Allah, Most High saying: ‘You are the best of peoples ever raised up for mankind… (3:110) He said: ‘You are the completion of seventy nations, you are the best of them, and the most honorable of them to Allah.”[47]

 

Chapter 33:  A lifespan of 70 years

قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ “‏ عُمُرُ أُمَّتِي مِنْ سِتِّينَ سَنَةً إِلَى سَبْعِينَ سَنَةً ‏”‏

Abu Hurairah(May Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said:

“The lifespan for my Ummah is from sixty years to seventy [years].”[48]

Chapter 34: 70,000 Angels at the Funeral

عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ، عَنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ “‏ هَذَا الَّذِي تَحَرَّكَ لَهُ الْعَرْشُ وَفُتِحَتْ لَهُ أَبْوَابُ السَّمَاءِ وَشَهِدَهُ سَبْعُونَ أَلْفًا مِنَ الْمَلاَئِكَةِ لَقَدْ ضُمَّ ضَمَّةً ثُمَّ فُرِّجَ عَنْهُ ‏”‏ ‏.‏

It was narrated from Ibn ‘Umar (May Allah be pleased with him)that the Messenger of Allah said:

Thos is the one at whose death the Throne shook, the gates of heaven were opened of him and seventy thousand angles attended his funeral. It squeezed him once then released him.”[49]

Chapter 35: The Mahdi’s rule is for 7 years

قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ “‏ الْمَهْدِيُّ مِنِّي أَجْلَى الْجَبْهَةِ أَقْنَى الأَنْفِ يَمْلأُ الأَرْضَ قِسْطًا وَعَدْلاً كَمَا مُلِئَتْ جَوْرًا وَظُلْمًا يَمْلِكُ سَبْعَ سِنِينَ ‏”‏ ‏.‏

AbuSa’id al-Khudri(May Allah be pleased with him)said :

The Prophet (ﷺ) said: The Mahdi will be of my stock, and will have a broad forehead a prominent nose. He will fill the earth will equity and justice as it was filled with oppression and tyranny, and he will rule for seven years. [50]

  Chapter 36:  The Trial of Gog and Magog is 7 years

قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ ‏ “‏ سَيُوقِدُ الْمُسْلِمُونَ مِنْ قِسِيِّ يَأْجُوجَ وَمَأْجُوجَ وَنُشَّابِهِمْ وَأَتْرِسَتِهِمْ سَبْعَ سِنِينَ ‏”‏ ‏

The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said:

“The Muslims will use the bows, arrows and shields of Gog and Magog as firewood, for seven years.'”[51]

Al-Munawee said: This shows that Gog and Magog are many. They are two disbelieving nations of people who will both bring corruption in the Earth. They are from the lineage of Yafith[52]

Chapter 37: One Salve for Seven people was set free

هِلاَلَ بْنَ يَسَافٍ يَقُولُ‏:‏ كُنَّا نَبِيعُ الْبَزَّ فِي دَارِ سُوَيْدِ بْنِ مُقَرِّنٍ، فَخَرَجَتْ جَارِيَةٌ فَقَالَتْ لِرَجُلٍ شَيْئًا، فَلَطَمَهَا ذَلِكَ الرَّجُلُ، فَقَالَ لَهُ سُوَيْدُ بْنُ مُقَرِّنٍ‏:‏ أَلَطَمْتَ وَجْهَهَا‏؟‏ لَقَدْ رَأَيْتُنِي سَابِعَ سَبْعَةٍ وَمَا لَنَا إِلاَّ خَادِمٌ، فَلَطَمَهَا بَعْضُنَا، فَأَمَرَهُ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنْ يُعْتِقُهَا‏.‏

Hilal ibn Yasaf (May Allah be pleased with him)said, “We used to sell linen in the house of Suwayd ibn Muqarrin. A slavegirl came out and said something to one of the men and that man slapped her. Suwayd ibn Muqarrin asked him, ‘Did you slap her face? We were seven and we only had a single servant. Then one of us slapped her and the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, ordered him to set her free.'”[53]

Chapter 38: Sulayman ibn Dawud realtions with 70 women

أنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ دَاوُدَ لأُطِيفَنَّ اللَّيْلَةَ عَلَى سَبْعِينَ امْرَأَةً تَلِدُ كُلُّ امْرَأَةٍ مِنْهُنَّ غُلاَمًا يُقَاتِلُ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ ‏.‏ فَقِيلَ لَهُ قُلْ إِنْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ ‏.‏ فَلَمْ يَقُلْ ‏.‏ فَأَطَافَ بِهِنَّ فَلَمْ تَلِدْ مِنْهُنَّ إِلاَّ امْرَأَةٌ وَاحِدَةٌ نِصْفَ إِنْسَانٍ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ “‏ لَوْ قَالَ إِنْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ ‏.‏ لَمْ يَحْنَثْ وَكَانَ دَرَكًا لِحَاجَتِهِ ‏”‏

Abu Huraira(May Allah be pleased with him) reported that Sulaiman b. Dawud said:

I will certainly have intercourse with seventy wives during the night, and every wife amongst them will give birth to a child, who will fight in the cause of Allah. It was said to him: Say:” Insha’ Allah” (God willing), but he did not say so and forgot it. He went round them but none of them give birth to a child except one woman and that too was an incomplete person. Upon this Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said: If he had said” Insha’ Allah.” he would not have failed, and his desire must have been fulfilled.[54]

Question: If Sulayman ibn Dawud sleep with 70 wives and each wife conceived a child how many children would that have been?

Chapter 39: 70 Sahabah who answered the Call of  Allah and the Messenger

عَنْ عَائِشَةَ ـ رضى الله عنها ‏{‏الَّذِينَ اسْتَجَابُوا لِلَّهِ وَالرَّسُولِ مِنْ بَعْدِ مَا أَصَابَهُمُ الْقَرْحُ لِلَّذِينَ أَحْسَنُوا مِنْهُمْ وَاتَّقَوْا أَجْرٌ عَظِيمٌ‏}‏ قَالَتْ لِعُرْوَةَ يَا ابْنَ أُخْتِي كَانَ أَبُوكَ مِنْهُمُ الزُّبَيْرُ وَأَبُو بَكْرٍ، لَمَّا أَصَابَ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم مَا أَصَابَ يَوْمَ أُحُدٍ، وَانْصَرَفَ عَنْهُ الْمُشْرِكُونَ خَافَ أَنْ يَرْجِعُوا قَالَ ‏”‏ مَنْ يَذْهَبُ فِي إِثْرِهِمْ ‏”‏‏.‏ فَانْتَدَبَ مِنْهُمْ سَبْعُونَ رَجُلاً، قَالَ كَانَ فِيهِمْ أَبُو بَكْرٍ وَالزُّبَيْرُ‏.‏

Narrated `Aisha(May Allah be pleased with her):

Regarding the Holy Verse: “Those who responded (To the call) of Allah And the Apostle (Muhammad), After being wounded, For those of them Who did good deeds And refrained from wrong, there is a great reward.” (3.172) She said to `Urwa, “O my nephew! Your father, Az-Zubair and Abu Bakr were amongst them (i.e. those who responded to the call of Allah and the Apostle on the day (of the battle of Uhud). When Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ), suffered what he suffered on the day of Uhud and the pagans left, the Prophet (ﷺ) was afraid that they might return. So he said, ‘Who will go on their (i.e. pagans’) track?’ He then selected seventy men from amongst them (for this purpose).” (The sub-narrator added, “Abu Bakr and Az- Zubair were amongst them.”)[55]

 

Chapter 40:  The Umbilical cords of 70 Prophets

 قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ “‏ إِذَا كُنْتَ بَيْنَ الأَخْشَبَيْنِ مِنْ مِنًى – وَنَفَخَ بِيَدِهِ نَحْوَ الْمَشْرِقِ – فَإِنَّ هُنَاكَ وَادِيًا يُقَالُ لَهُ السُّرَرُ بِهِ شَجَرَةٌ سُرَّ تَحْتَهَا سَبْعُونَ نَبِيًّا ‏”‏ ‏.‏

“The Messenger of Allah,( may Allah bless him and grant him peace), said, ‘If you are between al-Akhshabayn (which are two mountains) near Mina,’ indicating the east with his outspread hand, ‘you will find a valley called as-Surar with a tree in it beneath which the umbilical cords of seventy prophets have been cut.’ “[56]

 

Allah the Most High knows best

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Upcoming topics on the Gazette.

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[1] Mu’alimu At-Tanzil]

[2] Abu Dawud (4598),At-Tirmithi (2640) Ibn Majah (3992) Imam At-Tirmithi graded this hadith as being Hasan Sahih

[3] Daf’u Al-Mara’ by Dr Hamad Al-Uthman /pg 47

[4] Al-Bukhari [5948]

[5] Faydul Qadir

[6] Muslim #161

[7] [At-Tirmithi/ 3559 / Graded by Imam At-Tirmithi as being weak]

[8]Fathul Bari,vol11/pg99

[9] Sahih Al-Bukhari [3850]

[10] [ Fathul Bari 7/375]

[11] At-Tirmithi [969] Imam At-Tirmthi graded it as being Hasan

[12] Muslim 7343

[13] Al-Bukhari 5411

[14] Muslim 2944

[15] [Tuhfatul Ahwathi/6/22]

[16] Al-Bukhari 3986

[17] Al-Bukhari 2840 / Muslim 2767

[18] [ Fathul Bari 6/48]

[19] An-Nisa’I 4749 Imam Al-Albani graded it as Sahih

[20] [ Faydul Qadir/4/304]

[21] Al-Bukhari 5000/ Muslim 6486

[22] [Ikmal Al-Mu’alim/7/247]

[23] At-Tirmithi 2437- Imam At-Tirmithi graded this hadith as hasan Ghareeb

[24] Muslim 545

[25] Muslim1582

[26] Muslim 3546

[27] Muslim 6055

[28] [ Sharh Sahih Al-Bukhari 18/136]

[29] Sahih Al-Bukhari 4704

[30] Al-Bukhari[ 5445]

[31] Sunan Abi Dawud 5264

[32] [ Explanation Sunnan Abu Dawud]

[33] Ibn Majah 4288/ Hasan by Imam Al-Albani

[34] Ibn Majah 2275/ Sahih by Imam Al-Albani

[35] Refer to Ibn Rajab in Fathul Bari 4/481]

[36] Sunnan Abu Dawud 4254/ Sahih Imam Al-Albani

[37] Explanation of Musnad Imam Ahmed

[38] Imam Al-Albani graded this hadith as weak in his verification of Sunnan Ibn Majah.

[39] At-Tirmithi 1663- Imam At-Tirmithi said this hadith is Hasan Sahih]

[40] Al-Bukhari 6554/ Muslim 548

[41] Muslim 6250

[42] Fathul Bari 7/164

[43] Sahih Al-Bukhari 200

[44] Al-Bukhari #1879

[45] Al-Bukhari 6472

[46] Explanation Sahih Muslim –Al-Qurtubi 3/91

[47] At-Tirmithi 3001/ Graded as Hasan by Imam Al-Albani

[48] At-Tirmithi 2331/Imam At-Tirmithi said it was Hasan Al-Ghareeb

[49] [ Sunnan An-Nisa’I /2055/graded Sahih by Imam Al-Albani]

[50] Abu Dawud /4285/Hasan,by Imam Al-Albani]

[51] [Ibn Majah 4076/ Sahih Ibn Majah ,by Shaykh Al-Albani]

[52] Faydul Qadir

[53] Adabul Mufrad #176/Imam Al-Albani grade this as being Sahih]

[54] [ Muslim 1654]

[55] [Al-Bukhari :4077]

[56] [ Muwatta 258/ Silsilatu Dha’eefah 2701- Al-Albani graded it as weak ]

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