Is it obligatory to act by a Scholar’s verdict

By Ibn Qayyim Al-Jawziyah

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If a person asks a question and a mufti delivers a verdict, does this ruling become obligatory to follow for the person who asked the question?  And if he doesn’t act according to that verdict is he a sinner?

There are four angles to answer this question:

1: It isn’t obligatory for him to stick to this ruling, unless the questioner makes it obligatory for himself.

2: It is a must for him to act by it, if he starts to proceed by it. In this case he cannot stop acting by this ruling.

3: If surety appears in the questioner’s heart about the verdict and the verdict is correct, then he must act according to its ruling.

4: If he doesn’t find another scholar, then he has to take that scholar’s verdict. In the event of such a situation, he should follow that scholar’s position and fear Allah to best of his ability.  Indeed this is the best he can do and extreme limit of his capability.

However, if he finds another scholar and his verdict agrees with the other scholar’s, then this gives that ruling a higher degree to be acted on.  If this other scholar’s fatwa contradicts the other scholar’s and it becomes clear to the questioner which fatwa is correct, he should act according to the correct one.

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Taken ‘ Illam Al-Muwaqqe’in an rabbil Alameen 6/ 206) Printed by Dar ibn Jawzi 1st edition 1423.

Translated by Abu Aaliyah Abdullah ibn Dwight Battle.

Doha , Qatar 1434©


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