An Abandoned Sunnah- Surahtul Asr
عَنْ أَبي مَدِينَةَ الدَّارَمِي ، وَكَانَتْ لَهُ صُحْبَةٌ قَالَ : كَانَ الرَّجُلاَنِ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّبِي صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمْ « إِذا التَقَيا لمَ يَفْتَرِقَا حَتَّى يَقْرأَ أَحَدُهُمَا عَلَى الآخرِ : ( والعصر إن الإنسان لفي خسر ) ، ثُمَّ يُسَلَّمُ أَحَدُهُمَا عَلَى الآخرِ
On the authority of Abee Madeenah Ad-Daramee(may Allah be pleased with him)-who was a companion of the Prophet(peace and blessings be upon him)said, “ When two companions of the Prophet met they wouldn’t part company until one of them recited Surahtul Asr to the other. After doing so one of them of them would say “ As-salaamu Alaykum” to the other.
Collected by At-Tabarani in Awsot[ 5124] .
Shaykh Al-Albani graded this hadeeth as being authentic.
- Abu Madeenah Ad-Daramee’s name is Abdullah ibn Hisan . He was known by his kunya-Abu Madeenah.
- At-Tabarani’s name is Abu Qassim Sulayman ibn Ahmad ibn Ayyub.He was born on Safar 260 and died Thul Qa’dah 360. He was 100 years old when he died, and ten months.
- Shaykh Al-Albani(may Allah rest him in Jannah)commented on this hadeeth saying,” This hadeeth shows us two actions that the Salaf used to practice.;
1st. Giving the Salaams when parting company. This has been reported in an authentic
Hadeeth collected by Bukhari in Adab Al-Mufrad. He (peace and blessing be upon him) said,” When one of you comes to an assembly, he should give the greeting. If he desires to sit down, he sits down. When he stands up to leave he gives the greeting. Neither is a more praiseworthy duty than the other.
The 2nd benefit is the companions put Surahtul Asr in practice by doing this action.
We believe that the companions of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) were the furthest people from innovating a practice in this religion to draw nearer to Allah. This action was established by the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) by his speech, action, or tactical approval. Verily Allah praised the companions in the verse,””
وَالسَّابِقُونَ الْأَوَّلُونَ مِنَ الْمُهَاجِرِينَ وَالْأَنْصَارِ وَالَّذِينَ اتَّبَعُوهُمْ بِإِحْسَانٍ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمْ وَرَضُوا عَنْهُ وَأَعَدَّ لَهُمْ جَنَّاتٍ تَجْرِي تَحْتَهَا الْأَنْهَارُ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا أَبَدًا ۚ ذَٰلِكَ الْفَوْزُ الْعَظِيمُ
And the first to embrace Islam of the Muhajiroon (those who migrated from Makkah to Al-Madinah) and the Ansar (the citizens of Al-Madinah who helped and gave aid to the Muhajiroon) and also those who followed them exactly (in Faith). Allah is well-pleased with them as they are well-pleased with Him. He has prepared for them Gardens under which rivers flow (Paradise), to dwell therein forever. That is the supreme success.[ Taubah 100 ]
Hasan Al-Basri and Ibn Masud (may Allah have mercy upon them) both said, “Whoever is looking for a role model should pattern the companions. Among this nation they had the most pious hearts, the soundest knowledge, the least hypocrites among them, the best guidance and best situation. Allah chose them to be Muhammad’s companions and establish His religion, so recognize their virtue and follow their footsteps. Verily they were upon clear guidance.[ Jami’ Bayyan Al-Ilm wa Fadlee 1810]
Translated and compiled by. Abu Aaliyah Abdullah ibn Dwight Lamont Battle
 As-Sawbah fee Tamyeez As-Sahabah by Ibn Hajr Al-Asqalanee [ 4623]
 Seerah ‘Alam An-Nubala by Ath-Thahabee [ 16/119]
 Silsalah Saheehah [ 2648 ]