Who is Israel?
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
There is a deception witnessed today by Jews and due to it many Muslims around the world fall into error in regards to character, belief, and the Fiqh of Dua. In this paper I will talk about those three errors from the Quran and Sunnah:
1: Who is Israel
2: The difference between Bani Israel and the Jews
3: Making Dua against Israel (Yaqub)
Who is Israel?
كُلُّ الطَّعَامِ كَانَ حِلاًّ لِّبَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ إِلاَّ مَا حَرَّمَ إِسْرَائِيلُ عَلَى نَفْسِهِ
- All food was lawful to the Children of Israel, except what Israel made unlawful for himself ….”[ Quran 3: verse 93]
” All food was lawful…” This means the food was Halal
“ to the Children of Israel…” This verse was sent down when the Jews said to Prophet Muhammad (SallAllahu alayhi wa salam): You claim you follow the religion of Ibrahim. You eat camel meat and drink its milk, Ibrahim didn’t do that. Thus this verse was revealed as a refutation to their claim and to show they are liars.
” except what Israel…” Israel is Yaqub (alayhi wa salam)
” made unlawful for himself ….” This refers to camel meat and its milk. These foods were the most beloved to Yaqub, but when he fell ill he vowed to not eat camel’s meat or drink its milk if Allah cured him.
The difference between Bani Israel and the Jews:
Shaykh Abdullah ibn Zayd Al-Mahmoud said: The Jews separated from Bani Israel on account of their disbelief during the era of Bani Israel. This is similar to how Ibrahim separated from his father Azar. Disbelief severs all ties of association between the Muslims and the disbelievers. This kind of separation is parallel to this one between Nuh and his son.
Therefore, the Jews share no part of the virtue of Bani Israel. Consequently, to refer to the Jews as Bani Israel lets them share their virtue and conceals the Jews’ wickedness. Moreover, by calling the Jews Bani Israel eliminates the distinction between the two. The Jews are those whom have earned Allah’s anger and are always in a despicable situation.
The Jews know that those who believed in Musa (Alayhi wa salam) are distinguished as Bani Israel. For that reason, they get nauseated when called Jews. 
Making Dua against Israel ( Yaqub)
One of the mistakes we find people saying is:
اللهم دمر إسرائيل
” Oh Allah destroy Israel “
اللهم عليك بدولة إسرائيل
” Oh Allah punish the Israeli State “
Shaykh Ahmed ibn Ahmed Shamlan  said:
One of the mistakes Imams make when making Dua against the Jews is they say Israel. Israel is Yaqub (alayhi wa salam). Yaqub is a prophet from Allah’s Prophets. When they say , ” Oh Allah destroy Israel “, it is dua against Prophet Yaqub. The correct phrase to say is,
اللهم دمر دولة اليهود
Oh Allah destroy the Jewish state.
Further reading for Phrases and words to avoid in Islam.
- Mu’jam Al-Munahi Al-Laftheeyah, by Shaykh Bakr ibn Abdillah Abu Zayd
- ‘Ebaraatu Muhima , by Shaykh Muhammad ibn Umar Bazmoul
- Tasheehu Az- zallati fee Al-Aqa’id wa Al-Amthali wa Kalamati ,by Shaykh Ahmed ibn Ahmed Shamlan.
Fathur Rahman fee Tafsiril Quran by Mujeerdeen ibn Muhammad Al-Maqdisi Al-Hanbali (927H)
Shaykh, Al-Alama, Abdullah ibn Zayd Al-Mahmoud,( 1329-1417H) former Mufti of Qatar known for his knowledge and adherence to Salafiyah. His most famous teachers are Sh. Abdul Malik ibn Ibrahim Al-Ashaykh and Sh. Abdul Aziz ibn Muhammad Ash-Shitri(may Allah have mercy on them both). Shaykh Abdul Aziz ibn Abdillah Al-Ashshaykh said: I thank Qatar for printing his collection, which represents this alim’s fiqh, knowledge and virtue.[Majmu’ Ras’ilu wa Khutubu Shaykh Abdullah ibn Zayd Al-Mahmoud]
Mu’jam Al-Munahi Al-Laftheeyah, by Shaykh Bakr ibn Abdillah Abu Zayd, Page 93-94, printed by Darul ‘Asamah,3rd edition 1417H
 Major students of Shaykh Muqbil, – Head of Darul Hadith in Radaa’ , Yemen. He has published numerous works,which were reviewed by scholars of Yemen. i.e Shaykh Muhammad Al-Imam, Abdul Aziz Bur’I and Abdullah ibn Uthman At-Thamari and others
Shaykh Ahmed ibn Ahmed Shamlan, Tasheehu Az- zallati fee Al-Aqa’id wa Al-Amthali wa Kalamati ,page 320-321, printed by Darus Sahabah ,1st edition , 1434H.