The Conditions for  the Prayer

By Shaykh Muhammad ibn Salim Al-Bayhani 1391H[1]

In order for the prayer to be acceptable to Allah the person must be free from having any major and minor impurities. The Muslim must be clean of urine and excrement. There is no harm with a little blood on the body or clothes or bird droppins.

Another condition for the prayer to be correct is the Aura needs to be covered. The Aura for the man is from the navel to knee, and for the women it’s her entire body except her face and hands. The Muslim must cover his body with clothing that doesn’t show the color of his skin.

The Muslim must face the direction of Qiblah for every prayer, except  the prayer during the time of fear and the  supererogatory prayers while travelling.

The time for the obligatory and supererogatory prayer must be at hand as well; as it’s a condition.

Additionally, the prayer is valid when a person doesn’t eat, drink and constantly move while praying.



  • What is the difference between major and minor impurities? [2]
  • Urine and excrement is acceptable on the body?
  • Is the prayer in a masjid where a bird’s feces are on the floor or his nest inside the masjid acceptable ?
  • Are clothing and the area for praying required to be clean, or is it sufficient to have on clean clothes?[3]
  • What is the Aura for the man and the woman?
  • Is the prayer in clothes which are slim and transparent acceptable?
  • Is the prayer in shorts up to standard? [4]
  • Is the gown and ‘Ammah in the prayer Sunnah or Wajib? [5]
  • Is facing the Qiblah a condition for the supererogatory prayers while on a trip?
  • Is it allowed to not pray in the direction of the Qiblah during the prayer of Fear?
  • Is it must for the entire body to face the direction of the Qiblah or some of the body?
  • If a person doesn’t know the direction of the Qiblah what must he do ?[6]
  • If a person prays before the correct timing , either intentionally or negligently is the prayer ok? Or must he redo it? [7]
  • If the time elapses and the person misses the prayer because he was busy is he a sinner?[8]
  • If the time passes and a person was asleep is he a sinner and must he make up the prayer? [9]

Drill questions

  • Can you mention the things which invalidate the prayer? i.e exposing the aura, diverting from the direction of the Qiblah,etc. Are there any other actions?
  • Turning the face to right or the left is it Haraam or Makruh?
  • Saying a few words during the prayer due to forgetfulness, does it invalidate the prayer?
  • Is it a must to return the greetings while praying?


Taken from –‘Ebadahtu wa Deen,

Translated by Abu Aaliyah Abdullah ibn Dwight Lamont Battle



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[1] He is Ash-Shayk Al-Allamah, Muhammad ibn Salim Al-Bayhani (1326-1391H), he was born in the south of Yemen. He travelled various places around the world to study. Shaykh Al-Bayhani began his studies in 1339 in Hadramout with his brother Abdullah and his uncle Abdullah. His teacher Shaykh Abdullah ibn Amr Ash-Shaatari told him he would be an Alim, Faqeeh, Muhaddith and scholar in Arabic.  He spent 3 years in Azhar from 1357-1360H. He learned Hadith from Shaykh Ahmed ibn  Muhammad Al-Abbadi. He wrote , Islah Al-Mujtama’, Ustadh Al-Mara’, Deen Allahi Yuhillu Mushkalat and others.

[2] Major impurities requires a person to make a Ghusl,while minor impurities is removed by Wudu

[3] Both are required

[4] Shorts above the knees- no, but Capri jeans which hang below the knees- yes

[5] It’s Sunnah

[6] He tries his best to find its directions otherwise he follows the opinion of someone else.

[7] He must redo it

[8] Sleep and forgetfulness are the only excuses for missing the prayer, or a traveler who joins the prayer.

[9] He’s not a sinner and he must make up the prayer.

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